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Gust load alleviation in a flexible smart idealized wing
Citation key VERSIANI2019762
Author Thiago de Souza Siqueira Versiani and Flávio J. Silvestre and Antônio B. Guimarães Neto and Domingos A. Rade and Roberto Gil Annes da Silva and Maurício V. Donadon and Rafael M. Bertolin and Gefferson C. Silva
Pages 762 - 774
Year 2019
ISSN 1270-9638
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2019.01.058
Journal Aerospace Science and Technology
Volume 86
Abstract Among the aeroelastic phenomena most commonly affecting flexible and very flexible aircraft, those caused by gusts deserve special attention due to their potential either in degrading flying qualities and ride comfort or in increasing structural loads. It is then of interest to structural loads and flight controls engineers that solutions be developed to attenuate the effects of gusts on aircraft. Particularly, the use of piezoelectric transducers arises as one of the potential solutions in the design of gust load alleviation and structural mode suppression systems. In this paper, the gust load alleviation on a flexible smart idealized wing using only piezoelectric transducers is analyzed and experimentally tested. The numerical model includes a finite-element model of the wing, employing two-node, seven-degree-of-freedom smart beam elements, assuming small deformations and neglecting transverse shear. A quasi-steady, strip-theory-based aerodynamic model is used. Two control laws are evaluated: one based on output feedback, and the other based on feedback of observed states of a truncated system. Using a gust generator, wind-tunnel tests were performed at different flow speeds and gust frequencies to validate the computational model and to verify the performance of piezoelectric transducers. The results show a considerable attenuation of the wing root bending moment, especially using two piezoelectric actuators. Important performance improvements were overall verified with feedback of observed states when compared with static output feedback, specially to decrease the participation of the elastic modes in the gust response.
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